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Scalp Micropigmentation Pigments: A Definitive Guide

Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) stands as a revolutionary solution in the field of hair loss treatment. It gives individuals a chance to regain their confidence by simulating the appearance of a closely cropped hairstyle. This very versatile procedure depends to a large extent on the selection and understanding of pigments employed, as they form the foundation for achieving natural-looking and convincing results.

The Crucial Role of SMP Pigments:

The pigments used in SMP are the basis of creating the illusion of hair follicles on the scalp. The SMP technique involves using specially formulated pigments that effectively transform the hairline for persons dealing with hair loss or trying to enhance their hair density. The success of the procedure largely depends on the selection of pigments that go with the client's natural hair colour and skin tone. Let us explore the distinct types of pigments and their contributions to this life-changing process.

Exploring SMP Pigment Varieties:

The base of the SMP procedure is the black pigment from which a variety of colours are created in the desired tone and shade. The pigment can be diluted using a proper dilution-to-pigment ratio to create lighter-shaded pigments.

  • Black Ink:

The foundation of SMP is the black pigment that caters predominantly to individuals with darker hair shades. Natural components make up SMP ink, but the main ingredient is carbon. It is used to make a variety of colours, for instance, black, which is made of blue/green tones. Black ink lays the groundwork for establishing depth and definition, framing a realistic hairline, and enhancing scalp density for black or dark brown clients.

Dilution Ratio

Hair/Skin Type



Dark Skin, Black Hair, Fitzpatrick 5-6

Deep black shades are suitable for very dark skin and black hair, providing a robust and natural-looking contrast.


Medium-Dark Skin, Dark Black Hair, Fitzpatrick 4-5

Slightly diluted black, ideal for matching dark black hair with medium-dark skin tones.


Medium Skin, Black Hair, Fitzpatrick 3-4

Medium black tones are perfect for blending black hair with medium skin tones.


Light-medium skin, Black to Dark Brown Hair, Fitzpatrick 2-3

Diluted black for a softer look, suitable for lighter skin tones with black to dark brown hair.


Light Skin, Dark Brown to Black Hair, Fitzpatrick 1-2

Lightly diluted black for dark brown to black hair with light skin tones, ensuring a natural blend.

  • Deep Brown Pigment:

A versatile SMP pigment, deep brown serves as an adaptable shade that complements various brunette hair colours. It plays a crucial role in achieving subtlety and naturalness by smoothly blending with the client's hair colour.

Dilution Ratio

Hair/Skin Type



Dark Skin, Deep Brown Hair, Fitzpatrick 5-6

Rich, deep brown shades, suitable for dark skin with deep brown hair, providing a solid, natural-looking contrast.


Medium-Dark Skin, Deep Brown Hair, Fitzpatrick 4-5

Moderately diluted deep brown, ideal for matching deep brown hair with medium-dark skin tones.


Medium Skin, Deep Brown Hair, Fitzpatrick 3-4

Medium deep brown tones blend deep brown hair with medium skin tones.


Light-medium skin, Dark Brown Hair, Fitzpatrick 2-3

Lightly diluted deep brown for a softer look, suitable for lighter skin tones with dark brown hair.


Light Skin, Dark Brown Hair, Fitzpatrick 1-2

Lightly diluted deep brown for dark brown hair with light skin tones, ensuring a natural blend.

Navigating the SMP Pigment Palette:

Selecting the appropriate pigment palette involves a meticulous assessment of the client's unique features:

  • Skin Tone Harmony:

An SMP practitioner considers the hairline and carefully matches pigments to the client's skin tone to ensure a cohesive and natural appearance. The pigment colour blending and density are arrived at so that the result closely resembles natural hair follicles. For example, A subtle or lightweight hairline may suit people with lighter skin tones. In this instance, a skilled technician will create a lightweight hairline by diluting the pigment to complement the skin tone.

  • Hair Colour Synchronization:

Ensuring that the pigment chosen aligns with the client’s hair colour is vital to create an authentic look. The pigmented area should blend flawlessly with the existing hair. The desired effect can be achieved by using either a single pigmentation hue or a combination of pigmentation shades. The SMP professional creates a blend to get the appropriate shade by adjusting the pigment colours.

  • Client's Vision:

Understanding the client's expectations and desired outcome guides pigment selection, ensuring satisfaction with the final result. The SMP professional must assess the client’s scalp condition and hair colour, decide the most appropriate approach, select the correct pigments and draw up a customized plan.

Crafting Naturalism through SMP Pigments:

The artistry of SMP lies in the thoughtful combination and application of pigments. With careful selection of the right pigment shade and meticulous attention to detail, the SMP artiste can seamlessly blend with the client’s existing hairline.

· Customization Expertise:

Practitioners skillfully blend pigments and employ various application techniques to imitate hair follicles' natural distribution and density. E.g. In case of a broken/jagged hairline, the pigments may be scattered below the actual hairline to simulate the appearance of real hair.

· Layering Techniques:

Strategically layering different pigment shades creates depth and realism, resembling the complexity of natural hair growth. Multiple layers of pigment are created over several sessions to arrive at the desired density and shading. This technique results in a 3D textured appearance.

In the initial sessions, the foundation is created that mimics the look and matches the colour of the hair follicles under the skin. Then, in subsequent sessions, the technician builds upon that foundation with darker pigment. By adeptly manipulating the size of the pigment impressions, the artiste creates the “illusion of hair” effect, with each shade and size of pigment impressions settling at different dermis layers. The scalp will show the desired illusion and texture when complete, merging flawlessly with the surrounding skin and hair.

· Artistic Precision:

Mastery and artistic finesse in pigment application are important for achieving refined and lifelike results. The SMP technician injects the pigments into the dermal layer using a micro-needle, creating the impression of small dots. This procedure requires great precision by controlling the pigment application's depth, angle, and density. The process allows for a very gradual and subtle build-up of density and colour to match the client’s existing hair.


Scalp Micropigmentation has emerged as an effective solution for correcting the aesthetic effects of partial or complete hair loss in individuals. Selection of the appropriate pigment and understanding their interplay with diverse hair colours and skin tones significantly impacts the overall outcome. It enables SMP practitioners to design lifelike and tailored results for their clients. In this delicate artistry, SMP pigments serve as the core, shaping the canvas of natural-looking results that enhance the confidence and restore the self-esteem of individuals seeking a solution to hair loss woes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does SMP lighten as it heals?

Yes, Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) may initially appear darker but gradually lighten as it heals and settles, achieving a more natural look over time.

What fades scalp micropigmentation?

Several factors contribute to the fading of scalp micropigmentation (SMP), including sun exposure, natural skin exfoliation, and the body's immune response. UV rays, skincare products, and the body's regeneration process can all contribute to SMP fading over time.


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